MAKKAH MAP C. 600 AD
This is the first-ever geographically detailed map of Makkah as it was during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)! While working on a new English-language biography of the Prophet (PBUH), the map’s creator (Abdulaziz Binimad Al-Ateeqi) became frustrated with the lack of visual aids depicting Makkah at the dawn of Islam. He thus embarked on a decade-long journey to create his own materials from scratch, consulting the earliest authentic sources and making several on-site visits to the ancient city itself, soon discovering that the oldest available sources can be quite challenging to “decode,” even for native speakers of Arabic. The result was his groundbreaking book, Makkah at the Time of Prophet Muḥammad (PBUH): An Illustrated Reference with Maps of Key Homes, Mountains, and Other Landmarks (Kuwait, 2020), now soon on Amazon.com.
This map has 69 specifically labelled locations such as key homes, mountains, Markets and more.
With the many expansion projects currently taking place in Makkah to accommodate the large influx of pilgrims and other visitors the city hosts each year, the geographic history of the area has already been partially lost and is becoming increasingly less visible. To that end, it was necessary to merge data from modern maps with that from several older maps, using the detailed descriptions in the oldest and best sources available to pinpoint the locations of Makkah’s homes and geographic features. Maps and sketches used in this endeavor included the 1807 “Map of Makkah” and “Masjid Al-Haram Sketch,” by Ali Bai Al-Abbasi; the 1814 “Plan of Mekka” map, by John Lewis Burckhardt; the 1880 “Drawing of the Makkan Haram Blueprint,” by Muhammad Sadiq Basha; the 1880 “Makkah Map,” published by Ottoman Empire’s Ministry of War; the 1884 “Sketch of The Great Ka‘bah and the Noble Sanctuary,” by Ayyub Sabri; the 1885 “Plan of Mekka” map and the 1888 “Grundriss der Moschee” and “Grundriss Von Mekka” sketches, by C. Snouck Hurgronje; the 1908 “Map of Makkah,” by Ibrahim Rif‘at; the 1909 “Sketch of the Homes of ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdulmuttalib and Khadijah,” by Muhammad Labib Al-Batnuni; the 1928 “Plan of Mekka” and “Plan of the Haram of Mekka and the Mas‘a” maps, by Eldon Rutter; the 1940 “Sketch of the Noble Makkan Sanctuary,” published by the Egyptian Survey Institute; the 1946 “Haram of Mecca” and “Plan of Mecca” maps, published by the Great Britain Naval Intelligence Division; and the 1984 “Landsat Satellite Photo of Makkah (Orthophoto Map),” published by the Saudi Ministry of Oil and Precious Metals.
Descriptions of Makkah’s homes and topographical features were taken from several key sources, including the works of early scholars who lived in Makkah and wrote detailed descriptions of the city. The most important of these sources included Tarikh Makkah [The History of Makkah], by Abu Al-Walid Ahmad Al-Azraqi (d. 219 or 222 ah / 834 or 837 ad) and Abu Al-Walid Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah Al-Azraqi (d. 250 ah / 864 ad); Nasab Quraysh [The Lineage of the Quraysh], by Abi ‘Abdullah Al-Mus‘ab bin ‘Abdullah bin Al-Mus‘ab Al-Zubayri (d. 236 ah / 851 ad); Al-Munammaq fi Akhbar Quraysh [The Perfected News of Quraysh ], by Muhammad ibn Habib ibn Umayyah ibn ‘Amr Al-Hashimi (d. 245 ah / 859 ad); Akhbar Makkah fi Qadim Al-Dahr wa-Hadithih [The News of Makkah from the Old Ages until Recent Times], by Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Al-‘Abbas Al-Fakihi (d. 279 ah / 892 ad); Al-‘Iqd Al-Thamin fi Tarikh Al-Balad Al-Amin and Shifa’ Al-Gharam Bi-Akhbar Al-Balad Al-Haram, by Imam Taqi Al-Din Muhammad Al-Fasi (d. 832 ah / 1428 ad); Atlas Khara’it Makkah al-Mukarramah [An Atlas of Makkah's Maps], by Mi’rah bin Nawab Mirza (1426 ah / 2005 ad); and The House of Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (RA) in Makkah al-Mukarramah: A Historical Study of Its Location, Building and Architecture, by Ahmed Zaki Yamani (2014).
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Copyright © Abdulaziz (Binimad) Al-Ateeqi, 2019
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